Monday, August 1st, 2022
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Sun SafetyEspañol (Spanish)txt iconAudio DescriptionSkin cancer is the most common cancer in the U.S. Too much sun can cause skin cancer. This video explains how to protect your skin from the s...
Friday, July 1st, 2022
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How Do I Protect Myself from Ultraviolet (UV) Rays?Source: American Cancer Society @ www.cancer.orgMost skin cancers are caused by too much exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays. Most of this exposure com...
Wednesday, June 1st, 2022
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Alzheimer’s usually starts in the hippocampus, the part of the brain essential in forming memories. As more neurons die, the disease gradually spreads to other parts of the brain.Alzheimer&rsquo...
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THE WHITE HOUSEBRIEFING ROOMA Proclamation on Emergency Medical Services Week, 2022MAY 13, 2022•PRESIDENTIAL ACTIONSEvery day, emergency medical service (EMS) providers put the needs of their com...
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About Alzheimer’s Disease
Wednesday, June 1st, 2022

Alzheimer’s usually starts in the hippocampus, the part of the brain essential in forming memories. As more neurons die, the disease gradually spreads to other parts of the brain.

Alzheimer’s is named after Dr. Alois Alzheimer, a German physician, who in 1906, described changes in the brain tissue of a woman who had died of what was thought to be an unusual illness. He found abnormal clumps (now called amyloid plaques) and tangled bundles of fibers (now called neurofibrillary tangles). These plaques and tangles are now considered the hallmarks of Alzheimer’s disease.

Alzheimer’s usually starts in the hippocampus, the part of the brain essential in forming memories and as more neurons die, gradually spreads to other parts of the brain. Although treatment may temporarily delay the appearance of symptoms in some people with Alzheimer’s, currently there is no medication that cures this devastating disease.

Dementia vs Normal Aging

Dementia is an umbrella term used to describe over 100 different conditions that impair memory, behavior and thinking. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia. While people who are aging normally may forget things as well, they will typically remember them later.

Watch our short animation to learn about the early warning signs for Alzheimer’s:

Early warning signs include:

  • Memory loss especially when it comes to recent or important events, names, placement of objects, and other new information.Versus signs of “normal aging”: Periodically and temporarily forget names, appointments, or where you left your keys.

  • Disorientation to time and place. Become lost on your own street or forget where you are, how you got there and how to return home.Versus signs of “normal aging”: Forget the day of the week or why you entered a room.

  • Struggle to complete familiar actions, such as brushing teeth, getting dressed, preparing a meal, or placing a telephone call.Versus sign of “normal aging”: Sometimes need assistance with an electronic device.

  • Trouble finding the appropriate words, completing sentences, and following directions and conversations. May repeat and call things by the wrong name.Versus sign of “normal aging”: Occasionally struggle to find the right word.

  • Poor judgment when making decisions, for example, wear several shirts on a warm day or give away large sums of money to solicitors.Versus sign of “normal aging”: Make questionable or debatable decisions at times.

  • Changes in mood and personality, such as increased suspicion, rapid and persistent mood swings, withdrawal, and disinterest in usual activities.Versus signs of “normal aging”: Feel fatigued by work and social obligations now and then or become irritable when a routine is disrupted.

  • Difficulty with complex mental assignments, such as balancing a checkbook or other tasks involving numbers or following directions.Versus signs of “normal aging”: Make a mistake when balancing a checkbook or leave an ingredient out of a recipe every now and then.

What Causes Alzheimer’s?

Scientists don’t yet fully understand what causes Alzheimer’s disease in most people. In people with early-onset Alzheimer’s, a genetic mutation is usually the cause. Late-onset Alzheimer’s arises from a complex series of brain changes that occur over decades. The causes probably include a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. The importance of any one of these factors in increasing or decreasing the risk of developing Alzheimer’s may differ from person to person.

The Basics of Alzheimer’s

Scientists are conducting studies to learn more about plaques, tangles, and other biological features of Alzheimer’s disease. Advances in brain imaging techniques allow researchers to see the development and spread of abnormal amyloid and tau proteins in the living brain, as well as changes in brain structure and function. Scientists are also exploring the very earliest steps in the disease process by studying changes in the brain and body fluids that can be detected years before Alzheimer’s symptoms appear. Findings from these studies will help in understanding the causes of Alzheimer’s and make diagnosis easier.

One of the great mysteries of Alzheimer’s disease is why it largely strikes older adults. Research on normal brain aging is shedding light on this question. For example, scientists are learning how age-related changes in the brain may harm neurons and contribute to Alzheimer’s damage. These age-related changes include atrophy (shrinking) of certain parts of the brain, inflammation, production of unstable molecules called free radicals, and mitochondrial dysfunction (a breakdown of energy production within a cell).

Genetics

Most people with Alzheimer’s have the late-onset form of the disease, in which symptoms become apparent in their mid-60s. The apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene is involved in late-onset Alzheimer’s. This gene has several forms. One of them, APOE ε4, increases a person’s risk of developing the disease and is also associated with an earlier age of disease onset. However, carrying the APOE ε4 form of the gene does not mean that a person will definitely develop Alzheimer’s disease, and some people with no APOE ε4 may also develop the disease.

Also, scientists have identified a number of regions of interest in the genome (an organism’s complete set of DNA) that may increase a person’s risk for late-onset Alzheimer’s to varying degrees.

Early-onset Alzheimer’s occurs between a person’s 30s to mid-60s and represents less than 10 percent of all people with Alzheimer’s. Some cases are caused by an inherited change in one of three genes, resulting in a type known as early-onset familial Alzheimer’s disease, or FAD. For other cases of early-onset Alzheimer’s, research suggests there may be a genetic component related to factors other than these three genes.

Health, Environmental, and Lifestyle Factors

Research suggests that a host of factors beyond genetics may play a role in the development and course of Alzheimer’s disease. There is a great deal of interest, for example, in the relationship between cognitive decline and vascular conditions such as heart disease, stroke, and high blood pressure, as well as metabolic conditions such as diabetes and obesity. Ongoing research will help us understand whether and how reducing risk factors for these conditions may also reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s.

A nutritious diet, physical activity, social engagement, and mentally stimulating pursuits have all been associated with helping people stay healthy as they age. These factors might also help reduce the risk of cognitive decline and Alzheimer’s disease. Clinical trials are testing some of these possibilities.

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services

Concerned about memory loss or other symptoms? Call us and let us answer your questions at 888.280.6055

About Alzheimer’s Disease
About Alzheimer’s Disease
About Alzheimer’s Disease
About Alzheimer’s Disease
About Alzheimer’s Disease
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15 entries in the News
Monday, August 1st, 2022
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Sun SafetyEspañol (Spanish)txt iconAudio DescriptionSkin cancer is the most common cancer in the U.S. Too much sun can cause skin cancer. This video explains how to protect your skin from the sun.Spending time outside is a great way to be physically active, reduce stress, and get vitamin D.ex...
Friday, July 1st, 2022
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How Do I Protect Myself from Ultraviolet (UV) Rays?Source: American Cancer Society @ www.cancer.orgMost skin cancers are caused by too much exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays. Most of this exposure comes from the sun, but some can come from man-made sources, such as indoor tanning beds and sun lamps....
Wednesday, June 1st, 2022
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Alzheimer’s usually starts in the hippocampus, the part of the brain essential in forming memories. As more neurons die, the disease gradually spreads to other parts of the brain.Alzheimer’s is named after Dr.
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THE WHITE HOUSEBRIEFING ROOMA Proclamation on Emergency Medical Services Week, 2022MAY 13, 2022•PRESIDENTIAL ACTIONSEvery day, emergency medical service (EMS) providers put the needs of their communities above their own as they respond to crises, treat injuries, and save lives.
Sunday, May 1st, 2022
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by Dr Charles BloomAccording to the American Heart Association, someone in the United States has a stroke every 40 seconds, accounting for one out of every 19 deaths. Stroke is a leading cause of death and serious disability nationwide and around the world.
Friday, April 29th, 2022
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After nearly two years with Wanamassa First Aid, all of us wish Evatar Kanik (3rd from the left) the very best as he moves on to his next endeavor. Evyatar will begin medical school to achieve his goal of becoming a doctor.
Wednesday, April 20th, 2022
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In homes where there are small children, safety is an important issue. Parents want to protect their children from all potential dangers and will most often take steps to make their home as safe an environment as possible.
Saturday, April 2nd, 2022
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World Autism Awareness Day (WAAD) aims to put a spotlight on the hurdles that people with autism and others living with autism face every day. As a growing global health issue owing to its increasing exposure in the press and common knowledge, autism is an issue that is only gaining more understandi...
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Acting AG Platkin, Division of Highway Traffic Safety Kick Off Nat’l Distracted Driving Awareness Month by Announcing Distracted Driving Study Findings and Launching Initiatives to Combat Driver InattentionDistracted Driving Awareness Campaign and Traffic Enforcement Crackdown Begin TodayFor I...
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Ocean Twp. Elementary 4th grade Girl Scout Troop visited Wanamassa First Aid Squad today for a tour of the ambulances and a first aid lesson. After the troop learned first aid, EMTs Charlie Tjandra, Sydney Woolley, and Wendy Asia assisted them with building their own first aid kits.
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On April 28, 2021, Wanmassa First Squad visited Girl Scout Brownie Troop 231 to educate the girls in first aid and . The troop was shown how to use different first aid supplies and each built there own first aid kit.
Thursday, November 19th, 2020
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From “The Coaster” newspaper On November 19, 2020, EMS Supervisor Brad Levitzki and EMT Michal Kalisz of the Wanmassa First Squad visited Girl Scout Brownie Troop 60237 to educate the girls in first aid.
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From RWJ Barbnabas Health at rwjh.org October 23, 2020LONG BRANCH, NJ, October 23, 2020 − Monmouth Medical Center (MMC) Explorer Post #175 learned about basic field trauma assessments performed by EMT’s, as well as basic and advanced life support, during a special program held in an outd...
The Wanamassa First Aid Squad began serving the Township of Ocean’s sick and injured in 1928. Volunteers manned our ambulances for response 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and 365 days a year. This was a savings to the tax payers of millions of dollars over those 85 years.Seven years ago (Marc...
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From the Asbury Park Press - Tuesday, April 30, 1946 - Page 16
15 entries in the News

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